Native vs. Cross-Platform Development

Native vs. Cross-Platform Development

Development of native vs multiplatform mobile applications. What to choose?

It is 2020, so the market of mobile apps is very diverse. Clearly, there are different points of view on how to approach the development of a web or mobile project. There are many alternatives today and many ways to program and develop an app. Depending on the architecture and the development team, it will be more interesting to find a series of profiles or others that are in charge of developing the project, and this technical team will influence all future decision-making when developing app functionalities.

Spoiler alert: there is no magic solution when choosing which platform to use.

Both native and cross-platform mobile app development have their advantages and disadvantages. For each business owner, it is better to know the differences between them.

Native vs cross-platform

Relatively recently, most developers and project managers would have decided to start at Native development despite the additional cost of having two different managers for each project (or ... well, someone very very professional in charge of both).

And in the past it was normal, multiplatform development was beginning to take its first steps, and the platforms that supported it did not have as much support as Google Apple launching their services in a disparate way.

But today, technology has improved a lot as compared to what it was before. The interfaces look more and more modern as the web standard evolves. Companies like Google have pushed hard to improve user interfaces to these standards. So much so that the increase in performance in this type of application has been irretrievably noticed and the average companies wanted to repeat and implement the tendency which was set by the giants.

What is a Native app development?

Native mobile app development involves building apps for particular mobile operating systems  If you intend to build an application for iOS, app developers will use programming languages Objective-C or Swift,  Kotlin or Java for Android and C/C++ or .NET for Windows. 

Advantages of native applications development

Unlock the full potential of smartphones

The essence of native applications is that they are developed for either Android or IOS, which is a tight specification. This means that developers can provide much better integration between the functionalities of the applications with the mobiles’ hardware features: Bluetooth, NFC, GPS sensor, camera, microphone, accelerometer, gyroscope, etc.

Access to these functions is especially important to work with data such as the user's geographical location or gestures.

Get more performance from the screens

You will have more freedom in terms of screen optimization.  The variety of different mobile with various screen sizes and their aspect ratios it is very important to make sure that apps that you develop are seen correctly everywhere.

First-class performance

In addition to that control and flexibility, better integration with mobile hardware provides another significant advantage. Native apps are very fast and work noticeably better than, let's say, web apps.

Native applications make the most of mobile processing power, so response time is minimized as much as possible.

Internet connection is not mandatory

Since native applications are installed on the phone itself, they can access the app's data offline. The ability to function without the Internet connection makes native applications the perfect choice for Apps development. We can compare it with developing apps like mobile games.

Anything against it?

If we had to put a disadvantage to the development of native applications, that would obviously be the compatibility with other mobile operating systems. Native iOS apps are developed using Swift or Objective-C and can be installed only on the iPhone or iPad. Similarly, Android applications are not compatible with iOS because they are developed with Java or Kotlin.

What is Cross-platform development?

Cross-platform apps can work on different operating systems with a single code base. The core programs are created with web development languages like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. To build a cross-platform mobile app, you’ll need to master one of the frameworks that accelerate the development process. The most popular of them are Xamarin, Ionic, Cordova and React Native.

Cross-platform development Perks

Reusable code

Unlike a native app, with the multiplatform, you can implement a feature in an app for one operating system and it will work in others.

This reuse is also an advantage when it comes to deploying the app.

Cost-effectiveness

For your idea to be implemented as a multiplatform application, it does not require large investments in terms of resources. This is because you don't need a dedicated team for every mobile operating system. Thanks to a short learning curve and a unified stack of technologies, all platforms can be maintained by one team.

Disadvantages

They are not as flexible as native applications.

Performance is not its strongest profile.

The process of adding them to app stores is complicated.

In conclusion, if you want to impress users with an incredibly fast interface, a functional app, and a good performance in general, what you need will be a native application. Besides, you will have greater security and stability. 

Even though, sometimes it is better to develop a cross-platform application - it all depends on your needs and budget. 

Do you need to create a mobile application? At Eska, we offer you free advice and a team of professionals to create any kind of app you want whether you want a cross-platform or a native app.